Copssh update - 6.3.0 (SECURITY)

Copssh

Copssh version 6.3.0 installers come with OpenSSH 7.8p1 including a patch addressing CVE-2018-15473. It is not marked as a security update by the OpenSSH team, as they consider it as a partial disclosure of non-sensitive information.

CHANGES:

  

Potentially-incompatible changes

This release includes a number of changes that may affect existing configurations:

 

 * ssh-keygen(1): write OpenSSH format private keys by default instead of using OpenSSL's PEM format. The OpenSSH format, supported in OpenSSH releases since 2014 and described in the PROTOCOL.key file in the source distribution, offers substantially better protection against offline password guessing and supports key comments in private keys. If necessary, it is possible to write old PEM-style keys by adding "-m PEM" to ssh-keygen's arguments when generating or updating a key.

 * sshd(8): remove internal support for S/Key multiple factor authentication. S/Key may still be used via PAM or BSD auth.

 * ssh(1): remove vestigal support for running ssh(1) as setuid. This used to be required for hostbased authentication and the (long gone) rhosts-style authentication, but has not been necessary for a long time. Attempting to execute ssh as a setuid binary, or with uid != effective uid will now yield a fatal error at runtime.

 * sshd(8): the semantics of PubkeyAcceptedKeyTypes and the similar HostbasedAcceptedKeyTypes options have changed. These now specify signature algorithms that are accepted for their respective authentication mechanism, where previously they specified accepted key types. This distinction matters when using the RSA/SHA2 signature algorithms "rsa-sha2-256", "rsa-sha2-512" and their certificate counterparts. Configurations that override these options but omit these algorithm names may cause unexpected authentication failures (no action is required for configurations that accept the default for these options). 

 * sshd(8): the precedence of session environment variables has changed. ~/.ssh/environment and environment="..." options in authorized_keys files can no longer override SSH_* variables set implicitly by sshd.

 * ssh(1)/sshd(8): the default IPQoS used by ssh/sshd has changed. They will now use DSCP AF21 for interactive traffic and CS1 for bulk.  For a detailed rationale, please see the commit message:  https://cvsweb.openbsd.org/src/usr.bin/ssh/readconf.c#rev1.284

 

Changes since OpenSSH 7.7

This is primarily a bugfix release.

 

New Features

 * ssh(1)/sshd(8): add new signature algorithms "rsa-sha2-256-cert-v01@openssh.com" and "rsa-sha2-512-cert-v01@openssh.com" to explicitly force use of RSA/SHA2 signatures in authentication.

 * sshd(8): extend the PermitUserEnvironment option to accept a whitelist of environment variable names in addition to global "yes" or "no" settings.

 * sshd(8): add a PermitListen directive to sshd_config(5) and a  corresponding permitlisten= authorized_keys option that control which listen addresses and port numbers may be used by remote forwarding (ssh -R ...).

 * sshd(8): add some countermeasures against timing attacks used for  account validation/enumeration. sshd will enforce a minimum time or each failed authentication attempt consisting of a global 5ms  minimum plus an additional per-user 0-4ms delay derived from a host secret.

 * sshd(8): add a SetEnv directive to allow an administrator to explicitly specify environment variables in sshd_config. Variables set by SetEnv override the default and client-specified environment.

 * ssh(1): add a SetEnv directive to request that the server sets  an environment variable in the session. Similar to the existing SendEnv option, these variables are set subject to server configuration.

 * ssh(1): allow "SendEnv -PATTERN" to clear environment variables previously marked for sending to the server. bz#1285

 * ssh(1)/sshd(8): make UID available as a %-expansion everywhere  that the username is available currently. bz#2870

 * ssh(1): allow setting ProxyJump=none to disable ProxyJump  functionality. bz#2869

 

Bugfixes

 

 * sshd(8): avoid observable differences in request parsing that could be used to determine whether a target user is valid.

 * all: substantial internal refactoring

 * ssh(1)/sshd(8): fix some memory leaks; bz#2366

 * ssh(1): fix a pwent clobber (introduced in openssh-7.7) that could occur during key loading, manifesting as crash on some platforms.

 * sshd_config(5): clarify documentation for AuthenticationMethods  option; bz#2663

 * ssh(1): ensure that the public key algorithm sent in a  public key SSH_MSG_USERAUTH_REQUEST matches the content of the  signature blob. Previously, these could be inconsistent when a legacy or non-OpenSSH ssh-agent returned a RSA/SHA1 signature when asked to make a RSA/SHA2 signature.

 * sshd(8): fix failures to read authorized_keys caused by faulty  supplemental group caching. bz#2873

 * scp(1): apply umask to directories, fixing potential mkdir/chmod race when copying directory trees bz#2839

 * ssh-keygen(1): return correct exit code when searching for and hashing known_hosts entries in a single operation; bz#2772

 * ssh(1): prefer the ssh binary pointed to via argv[0] to $PATH when re-executing ssh for ProxyJump. bz#2831

 * sshd(8): do not ban PTY allocation when a sshd session is restricted because the user password is expired as it breaks password change dialog. (regression in openssh-7.7).

 * ssh(1)/sshd(8): fix error reporting from select() failures. 

 * ssh(1): improve documentation for -w (tunnel) flag, emphasising that -w implicitly sets Tunnel=point-to-point. bz#2365

 * ssh-agent(1): implement EMFILE mitigation for ssh-agent. ssh-agent will no longer spin when its file descriptor limit is exceeded. bz#2576

 * ssh(1)/sshd(8): disable SSH2_MSG_DEBUG messages for Twisted Conch clients. Twisted Conch versions that lack a version number in their identification strings will mishandle these messages when running on Python 2.x (https://twistedmatrix.com/trac/ticket/9422)

 * sftp(1): notify user immediately when underlying ssh process dies expectedly. bz#2719

 * ssh(1)/sshd(8): fix tunnel forwarding; regression in 7.7 release. bz#2855

 * ssh-agent(1): don't kill ssh-agent's listening socket entirely if  it fails to accept(2) a connection. bz#2837

 * sshd(8): relax checking of authorized_keys environment="..." options to allow underscores in variable names (regression  introduced in 7.7). bz#2851

 * ssh(1): add some missing options in the configuration dump output (ssh -G). bz#2835

 

Portability

 

 * sshd(8): Expose details of completed authentication to PAM auth  modules via SSH_AUTH_INFO_0 in the PAM environment. bz#2408

 * Fix compilation problems caused by fights between zlib and OpenSSL  colliding uses of "free_func"

 * Improve detection of unsupported compiler options. Recently these may have manifested as "unsupported -Wl,-z,retpoline" warnings  during linking.

 * sshd(8): some sandbox support for Linux/s390 bz#2752.

 * regress tests: unbreak key-options.sh test on platforms without openpty(3). bz#2856

 * use getrandom(2) for PRNG seeding when built without OpenSSL.

 

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